How Do I Know Whether My Hamster Is Male or Female?

How Do I Know Whether My Hamster Is Male or Female?

Here we can see, “How Do I Know Whether My Hamster Is Male or Female?”

It can be difficult to sex hamsters, especially young if you don’t have both male and female hamsters for comparison. The fundamental distinctions are the same for all hamster species, whether Syrian, dwarf or Chinese. Each species, however, has unique characteristics or features that can aid in sex identification.

Holding a Hamster to Determine Whether It Is Male or Female

Turn your hamster on its back to inspect the belly. You can cup your hand around the hamster and turn it over onto its back, or you can grasp the hamster by the scruff of its neck. Holding the hamster in a somewhat upright (“sitting up”) position will assist you in determining the presence of testicles.

Anogenital Distance

The anogenital distance is the most reliable measure to determine if a hamster is male or female. This is the distance between the anus and the genital apertures (penile opening in male hamsters; vaginal and urine openings in females). In females, this distance is substantially shorter than in males. Therefore, the distance between the two apertures might be difficult to identify in females, whereas, in males, the space is usually twice as long.

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Other General Distinctions

A few other differences apply to all hamsters, though these may be difficult to notice depending on the hamster’s age and species.

  • The male’s back end is extended and rounder in form compared to the female.
  • After about four weeks, male hamsters frequently have a visible scrotum with testicles, though the testicles can be retracted.
  • Nipples are only found in female hamsters.

Syrian Hamster Characteristics

Because the distinctions between men and females are very clear, determining the sex of Syrian hamsters is slightly easier than determining the sex of other species. Female Syrian hamsters have nipples visible in two rows running parallel to and along the sides of the belly. When the hamster’s belly hair is short, the nipples are most noticeable. Male Syrian hamsters have prominent testicles that protrude from their posterior end. The testicles may be retracted (as in all-male hamsters) or buried by fur, although they are usually visible.

Dwarf Hamster Characteristics

Dwarf hamsters have various distinguishing characteristics that can help you establish their gender. Male Dwarf hamsters have a smell gland visible in the middle of their belly. The gland’s secretions may also cause yellow or greasy discoloration around the gland. Female Dwarf hamsters have tiny scent glands that are difficult to detect. Male dwarf hamsters can also be distinguished by their testicles and the morphology of their hind ends, which taper toward their tails. On mature hamsters, the testicles are most apparent. Finally, male Dwarf hamsters are larger than females, albeit size is an imprecise criterion because it varies with age and animal.

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Chinese Hamster Characteristics

The form of their hind ends is the most distinguishing feature of Chinese hamsters. Males have longer, more rounded back ends than females. If you don’t have both sexes of hamsters to compare, you’ll have to rely on anogenital distance for definite identification.

User Questions

Is a male or female Syrian hamster preferable?

Females are often hostile by nature, but males are considerably calmer and nicer. As a result, males are generally thought to be simpler to manage than girls. In addition, because they are less territorial, they are less likely to become protective or hostile when you enter their territory to deal with them.

Are Syrian hamsters lonely?

Syrian hamsters (also known by various other names) originated in the Syrian and Turkish deserts. They are renowned as one of our planet’s most solitary and territorial creatures. In short, hamsters do not suffer from loneliness.

Do hamsters have menstrual cycles?

When a female hamster reaches reproductive maturity, she is completely capable of mating and bearing babies. While mature female hamsters do not menstruate, they go through “heat” or “estrus” cycles every few days. Therefore, if you observe your pet bleeding, you should immediately take them to the veterinarian.

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Can I have 2 Syrian hamsters?

Once adults, Syrian hamsters should never be kept in pairs or groups. Even smelling another adult hamster in the same place might be upsetting, so it’s better to limit yourself to just one.

Do hamsters enjoy the dark?

Hamsters feed and exercise primarily at night. The darkness energizes them and prepares them to face their “days.” As a result, hamsters require that the lights be turned off at night.


I hope you found this helpful guide. If you have any questions or comments, don’t hesitate to use the form below.


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