Icelandic Horse

Icelandic Horse

Here we can see, “Icelandic Horse”

The Icelandic horse is a compact and strong equine breed that originated in Iceland during the 9th and 10th centuries. It is said to be a descendent of ancient German and Norwegian horses. The Icelandic is known for its sure-footed movements and easy to cover uneven terrain.

The origins of Icelandic horses can be traced back to the Viking Age when Norsemen transported some ancient horses to Iceland. Immigrants from Scotland and Ireland later crossed Connemara, Highland, and Shetland ponies with horses already been brought. Horses were revered and played an important role in Norse mythology. White horses were slaughtered at feasts and festivities while they represented fertility.

Attempts were undertaken in the 10th century to mix Oriental horses with Icelandic horses, leading the breeding stock to decline. On the other hand, crossbreeding of Icelandic horses came to a halt in 982 AD when the parliament issued a law prohibiting the importation of horses. Icelandic horses have been purebred since then. In addition, people began selectively breeding them according to color and conformation as climatic conditions improved.

During 1300-1900, selective breeding became less popular, as the eruption of the volcanic fissure Lakagigar killed off 70% of the horse population. However, during the 1900s, their population progressively improved, and selective breeding was resumed in the following century. In 1904, the first breed societies were organized, and in 1923, the first breed register was established.

The parent organization, the “International Federation of Icelandic Horse Associations,” was founded in May 1969 and is now represented in 19 countries worldwide. Its goal is to promote the breed while also focusing on the welfare of Icelandic horses.

User Questions

What is the average lifespan of Icelandic horses?

40+ years

What is the size of an Icelandic horse?


52 – 56 inches


690 – 772 pounds

Icelandic horses come in a variety of colors.

  • Gray
  • Chestnut
  • Black
  • Palomino
  • Pinto
  • Roan
  • Dun
  • Bay
Also See:  Timor Pony


The Icelandic requires extra attention and care from its owner. It should be kept stable and should not be let outside in the cold to fend for itself or scavenge for food.

What is the price of an Icelandic horse?

Potential purchasers should set aside $10,000 in their budget. Of course, it is possible to find a trained riding horse for less, but the total cost will likely be close to that, depending on your region.

What makes the Icelandic horse so unique?

The Icelandic Horse is also unique in that it is the only horse breed in the world that can walk in five different gaits, whereas other horse breeds can only walk in three or four different gaits. The three most popular gaits are walk, trot, and canter, but Icelandic horses can also pace and tölt.

Is it true that Icelandic horses are friendly?

Icelandic horses are regarded as a friendly, warm breed that can withstand any weather conditions and get along well with humans. In addition, they live a long time since there are no diseases that they are vulnerable to in Iceland, and no other horses can be imported.

Are Icelandic horses suitable for novice riders?

Icelandic Horses bring their happy outlook and reasonable attitude to each ride. They were bred to transport adults smoothly and readily over challenging terrain. They are always willing and active, forgiving, and gentle with beginners while providing a tough experience for competition riders.

Is it simple to train Icelandic horses?

Icelandic horses have a reputation for being easy to train. The Tölt, a four-beat lateral stride, is undoubtedly their most prominent feature. In addition, they are kind and curious, with a variety of features that make them a popular breed for both riding and breeding.

Is it true that Icelandic horses are hypoallergenic?

Shetland ponies, Icelandic horses, and Gypsy Vanners were breeds with lower allergen levels. Stallions had more antigens in their dander than mares or geldings.

Also See:  Kiger Mustang

What makes Icelandic horses different from ponies?

For millennia, they’ve been isolated and pure-bred.

The Icelandic horse breed’s diminutive stature arose due to living on the outskirts of viable horse habitat, similar to other small horse breeds. The first horses arrived in Iceland in the ninth century with the Viking inhabitants.

What kind of food do Icelandic horses eat?

If you experience a “true” winter, you’ll need decent hay or haylage for your Icelandic. Silage is too rich for greedy horses, but good quality straw can be used as a “filler.” If you work your horse hard, use it for breeding, or are old, it will most likely require more food.

What is the maximum weight that Icelandic horses can carry?

The horses could only carry up to 35% of their weight, or 128 kg on average. They were cycled for a short distance (2 × 300 m with each weight, 20 %, 25 %, 30 %, 35 %, and repeated %) and briefly at tölt at an average speed (5.4 m/s). The horses were all able to manage the extra weight.


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